Edge of a bound publication opposite the spine. Also called foredge.
Also, an abbreviation for typeface referring to a family of a general
Fake Duotone -
Halftone in one ink color printed over screen tint of a second ink
color. Also called dummy duotone, dougraph, duplex halftone, false
duotone, flat tint halftone and halftone with screen.
Fast Color Inks -
Inks with colors that retain their density and resist fading as the
product is used and washed.
Feeding Unit -
Component of a printing press that moves paper into the register
Felt Finish -
Soft woven pattern in text paper.
Felt Side -
Side of the paper that was not in contact with the Fourdrinier wire
during papermaking, as compared to wire side.
Fifth Color -
Ink color used in addition to the four needed by four-color process.
Film Gauge -
Thickness of film. The most common gauge for graphic arts film is
0.004 inch (0.1 mm).
Film Laminate -
Thin sheet of plastic bonded to a printed product for protection
or increased gloss.
Fine Papers -
Papers made specifically for writing or commercial printing, as compared
to coarse papers and industrial papers. Also called cultural papers
and graphic papers.
Fine Screen -
Screen with ruling of 150 lines per inch (80 lines per centimeter)
(1) Surface characteristics of paper. (2) General term for trimming,
folding, binding and all other post press operations.
Finished Size -
Size of product after production is completed, as compared to flat
size. Also called trimmed size.
Refers to ability of film to be registered during stripping and assembly.
Good fit means that all images register to other film for the same
Fixed Costs -
Costs that remain the same regardless of how many pieces are printed.
Copyrighting, photography and design are fixed costs.
Flat Color -
(1) Any color created by printing only one ink, as compared to a
color created by printing four-color process. Also called block color
and spot color. (2) color that seems weak or lifeless.
Flat Plan (Flats) -
Diagram of the flats for a publication showing imposition and indicating
Flat Size -
Size of product after printing and trimming, but before folding,
as compared to finished size.
Method of printing on a web press using rubber or plastic plates
with raised images. Also called aniline printing because flexographic
inks originally used aniline dyes. Abbreviated flexo.
To print a sheet completely with an ink or varnish. flooding with
ink is also called painting the sheet.
Flush Cover -
Cover trimmed to the same size as inside pages, as compared to overhang
cover. Also called cut flush
Leaf, at the front and back of a casebound book that is the one side
of the end paper not glued to the case.
Fogging Back -
Used in making type more legible by lowering density of an image,
while allowing the image to show through.
Foil Emboss -
To foil stamp and emboss an image. Also called heat stamp.
Foil Stamp -
Method of printing that releases foil from its backing when stamped
with the heated die. Also called block print, hot foil stamp and
A bindery machine dedicated to folding printed materials.
Fold Marks -
With printed matter, markings indicating where a fold is to occur,
usually located at the top edges.
Gatefold sheet bound into a publication, often used for a map or
chart. Also called gatefold and pullout.
Folio (page number) -
The actual page number in a publication.
Each side of a signature. Also spelled forme.
Size, style, shape, layout or organization of a layout or printed
Form bond -
Lightweight bond, easy to perforate, made for business forms. Also
called register bond.
Form Roller(s) -
Roller(s) that come in contact with the printing plate, bringing
it ink or water.
For Position Only -
Refers to inexpensive copies of photos or art used on mechanical
to indicate placement and scaling, but not intended for reproduction.
In the case book arena, the binding process which involves folding,
rounding, backing, headbanding and reinforcing.
Trough or container, on a printing press, that holds fluids such
as ink, varnish or water. Also called duct.
Fountain Solution -
Mixture of water and chemicals that dampens a printing plate to prevent
ink from adhering to the nonimage area. Also called dampener solution.
Four-color Process Printing -
Technique of printing that uses black, magenta, cyan and yellow to
simulate full-color images. Also called color process printing, full
color printing and process printing.
Free Sheet -
Paper made from cooked wood fibers mixed with chemicals and washed
free of impurities, as compared to groundwood paper. Also called
French Fold -
A printed sheet, printed one side only, folded with two right angle
folds to form a four page uncut section.
Full-range Halftone -
Halftone ranging from 0 percent coverage in its highlights to 100
percent coverage in its shadows.
Full-scale Black -
Black separation made to have dots throughout the entire tonal range
of the image, as compared to half-scale black and skeleton black.
Also called full-range black.