Saddle Stitch -
To bind by stapling sheets together where they fold at the spine,
as compared to side stitch. Also called pamphlet stitch, saddle wire
and stitch bind.
Satin Finish - Alternate term for dull finish
on coated paper.
Scale - To identify the percent by which photographs
or art should be enlarged or reduced to achieve, the correct size
Scanner - Electronic device used to scan an image.
Score - To compress paper along a straight line
so it folds more easily and accurately. Also called crease.
Screen Angles - Angles at which screens intersect
with the horizontal line of the press sheet. The common screen angles
for separations are black 45 degree, magenta 75 degree, yellow 90
degree and cyan 105 degree.
Screen Density - Refers to the percentage of ink
coverage that a screen tint allows to print. Also called screen percentage.
Screen Ruling - Number of rows or lines of dots
per inch or centimeter in a screen for making a screen tint or halftone.
Also called line count, ruling, screen frequency, screen size and
Screen Tint - Color created by dots instead of solid
ink coverage. Also called Benday, fill pattern, screen tone, shading,
tint and tone.
Selective Binding - Placing signatures or inserts
in magazines or catalogs according to demographic or geographic guidelines.
Self Cover - Usually in the book arena, a publication
not having a cover stock. A publication only using text stock throughout.
Self Mailer - A printed item independent of an envelope.
A printed item capable of travel in the mailing arena independently.
Separated Art - Art with elements that print in
the base color on one surface and elements that print in other colors
on other surfaces. Also called preseparated art.
Separations - Usually in the four-color process
arena, separate film holding qimages of one specific color per piece
of film. Black, Cyan, Magenta and Yellow. Can also separate specific
PMS colors through film.
Serigraphic Printing - Printing method whose image
carriers are woven fabric, plastic or metal that allow ink to pass
through some portions and block ink from passing through other portions.
Serigraphic printing includes screen and mimeograph.
Service Bureau - Business using imagesetters to
make high resolution printouts of files prepared on microcomputers.
Also called output house and prep service.
Setoff - Undesirable transfer of wet ink from the
top of one sheet to the underside of another as they lie in the delivery
stack of a press. Also called offset.
Shade - Hue made darker by the addition of black,
as compared to tint.
Shadows - Darkest areas of a photograph or illustration,
as compared to midtones and high-lights.
Sheetfed Press - Press that prints sheets of paper,
as compared to a web press.
Sheetwise - Technique of printing one side of a
sheet with one set of plates, then the other side of the sheet with
a set of different plates. Also called work and back.
Shingling - Allowance, made during paste-up or stripping,
to compensate for creep. Creep is the problem; shingling is the solution.
Also called stair stepping and progressive margins.
Side stitch - To bind by stapling through sheets
along, one edge, as compared to saddle stitch. Also called cleat
stitch and side wire.
Signature - Printed sheet folded at least once,
possibly many times, to become part of a book, magazine or other
Size - Compound mixed with paper or fabric to make
it stiffer and less able to absorb moisture.
Slip Sheets - Separate sheets (stock) independent
from the original run positioned between the "printed run" for
a variety of reasons.
Soft Dots - Halftones dots with halos.
Solid - Any area of the sheet receiving 100 percent
ink coverage, as compared to a screen tint.
Soy-based Inks - Inks using vegetable oils instead
of petroleum products as pigment vehicles, thus are easier on the
Specially Printer - Printer whose equipment, supplies,
work flow and marketing is targeted to a particular category of products.
Specifications - Complete and precise written description
of features of a printing job such as type size and leading, paper
grade and quantity, printing or binding method. Abbreviated specs.
Spectrophotometer - Instrument used to measure the
index of refraction of color.
Specular Highlight - Highlight area with no printable
dots, thus no detail, as compared to a diffuse highlight. Also called
catchlight and dropout highlight.
Spine - Back or binding edge of a publication
Spiral Bind - To bind using a spiral of continuous
wire or plastic looped through holes. Also called coil bind.
Split Fountain - Technique of putting ink colors
next to each other in the same ink fountain and printing them off
the same plate. Split fountains keep edges of colors distinct, as
compared to rainbow fountains that blend edges.
Split Run - (1) Different images, such as advertisements,
printed in different editions of a publication. (2) Printing of a
book that has some copies bound one way and other copies bound another
Spoilage - Paper that, due to mistakes or accidents,
must be thrown away instead of delivered printed to the customer,
as compared to waste.
Spot Color or Varnish - One ink or varnish applied
to portions of a sheet, as compared to flood or painted sheet.
Spread - (1) Two pages that face each other and
are designed as one visual or production unit. (2) Technique of slightly
enlarging the size of an image to accomplish a hairline trap with
another image. Also called fatty.
Standard Viewing Conditions - Background of 60 percent
neutral gray and light that measures 5000 degrees Kelvin the color
of daylight on a bright day. Also called lighting standards.
Stat - Short for photostat, therefore a general
term for an inexpensive photographic print of line copy or halftone.
Statistical Process Control - Method used by printers
to ensure quality and delivery times specified by customers. Abbreviated
Step and Repeat - Prepress technique of exposing
an image in a precise, multiple pattern to create a flat or plate.
Images are said to be stepped across the film or plate.
Stocking Paper - Popular sizes, weights and colors
of papers available for prompt delivery from a merchant's warehouse.
Stock Order - Order for paper that a mill or merchant
sends to a printer from inventory at a warehouse, as compared to
a mill order.
String Score - Score created by pressing a string
against paper, as compared to scoring using a metal edge.
Strip - To assemble images on film for platemaking.
Stripping involves correcting flaws in film, assembling pieces of
film into flats and ensuring that film and flats register correctly.
Also called film assembly and image assembly.
Substance Weight - Alternate term for basis weight,
usually referring to bond papers. Also called sub weight.
Stumping (Blocking) - In the book arena, hot die,
foil or other means in creating an image on a case bound book.
Substrate - Any surface or material on which printing
Subtractive Color - Color produced by light reflected
from a surface, as compared to additive color. Subtractive color
includes hues in color photos and colors created by inks on paper.
Subtractive Primary Color - Yellow, magenta and
cyan. In the graphic arts, these are known as process colors because,
along with black, they are the inks colors used in color-process
Supercalendered Paper - Paper calendered using alternating
chrome and fiber rollers to produce a smooth, thin sheet. Abbreviated
Surprint - Taking an already printed matter and
re-printing again on the same.
Swash Book - A book in a variety of forms, indicating
specific stock in specific colors in a specific thickness.
SWOP - Abbreviation for specifications for web offset
publications, specifications recommended for web printing of publications.