Page - One side
of a leaf in a publication.
Page Count - Total number of pages that a publication
has. Also called extent.
Page Proof - Proof of type and graphics as they
will look on the finished page complete with elements such as headings,
rules and folios.
Pagination - In the book arena, the numbering of
Painted Sheet - Sheet printed with ink edge to edge,
as compared to spot color. The painted sheet refers to the final
product, not the press sheet, and means that 100 percent coverage
results from bleeds off all four sides.
Panel - One page of a brochure, such as one panel
of a rack brochure. One panel is on one side of the paper. A letter-folded
sheet has six panels, not three.
Paper Plate - A printing plate made of strong and
durable paper in the short run offset arena (cost effective with
Parallel Fold - Method of folding. Two parallel
folds to a sheet will produce 6 panels.
Parent Sheet - Any sheet larger than 11' x 17' or
Pasteboard - Chipboard with another paper pasted
Paste-up - To paste copy to mounting boards and,
if necessary, to overlays so it is assembled into a camera-ready
mechanical. The mechanical produced is often called a paste-up.
PE - Proofreader mark meaning printer error and
showing a mistake by a typesetter, prepress service or printer as
compared to an error by the customer.
Perfect Bind - To bind sheets that have been ground
at the spine and are held to the cover by glue. Also called adhesive
bind, cut-back bind, glue bind, paper bind, patent bind, perfecting
bind, soft bind and soft cover. See also Burst Perfect Bind.
Perfecting Press - Press capable of printing both
sides of the paper during a single pass. Also called duplex press
Perf Marks - On a "dummy" marking where
the perforation is to occur.
Perforating - Taking place on a press or a binder
machine, creating a line of small dotted wholes for the purpose of
tearing-off a part of a printed matter (usually straight lines, vertical
Pica - A unit of measure in the printing industry.
A pica is approximately 0.166 in. There are 12 points to a pica.
Photoengraving - Engraving done using photochemistry.
Photomechanical Transfer - Brand name for a diffusion
transfer process used to make positive paper prints of line copy
and halftones. Often used as alternate term for photostat. Abbreviated
Photostat - Brand name for a diffusion transfer
process used to make positive paper prints of line copy and halftones.
Often used as alternate term for PMT.
Picking - Phenomenon of ink pulling bits of coating
or fiber away from the surface of paper as it travels through the
press, thus leaving unprinted spots in the image area.
Pickup Art - Artwork, used in a previous job, to
be incorporated in a current job.
Pinholing - Small holes (unwanted) in printed areas
because of a variety of reasons.
Pin Register - Technique of registering separations,
flats and printing plates by using small holes, all of equal diameter,
at the edges of both flats and plates.
Pixel - Short for picture element, a dot made by
a computer, scanner or other digital device. Also called pel.
Planographic Printing - Printing method whose image
carriers are level surfaces with inked areas separated from noninked
areas by chemical means. Planographic printing includes lithography,
offset lithography and spirit duplicating.
Plate - Piece of paper, metal, plastic or rubber
carrying an image to be reproduced using a printing press.
Platemaker - (1) In quick printing, a process camera
that makes plates automatically from mechanicals. (2) In commercial
lithography, a machine with a vacuum frame used to expose plates
Plate-ready Film - Stripped negatives or positives
fully prepared for platemaking.
Pleasing Color - Color that the customer considers
satisfactory even though it may not precisely match original samples,
scenes or objects.
PMS - Obsolete reference to Pantone Matching System.
The correct trade name of the colors in the Pantone Matching System
is Pantone colors, not PMS Colors.
PMT - Abbreviation for photomechanical transfer.
Point - (1) Regarding paper, a unit of thickness
equating 1/1000 inch. (2) Regarding type, a unit of measure equaling
1/12 pica and .013875 inch (.351mm).
Portrait - An art design in which the height is
greater than the width. (Opposite of Landscape.)
Position Stat - Photocopy or PMT of a photo or illustration
made to size and affixed to a mechanical.
Positive Film - Film that prevents light from passing
through images, as compared to negative film that allows light to
pass through. Also called knockout film.
Post Bind - To bind using a screw and post inserted
through a hole in a pile of loose sheets.
Prepress - Camera work, color separations, stripping,
platemaking and other prepress functions performed by the printer,
separator or a service bureau prior to printing. Also called preparation.
Prepress Proof - Any color proof made using ink
jet, toner, dyes or overlays, as compared to a press proof printed
using ink. Also called dry proof and off-press proof.
Preprint - To print portions of sheets that will
be used for later imprinting.
Press Check - Event at which makeready sheets from
the press are examined before authorizing full production to begin.
Press Proof - Proof made on press using the plates,
ink and paper specified for the job. Also called strike off and trial
Press Time - (1) Amount of time that one printing
job spends on press, including time required for makeready. (2) Time
of day at which a printing job goes on press.
Price Break - Quantity at which unit cost of paper
or printing drops.
Printer Pairs - Usually in the book arena, consecutive
pages as they appear on a flat or signature.
Printer Spreads - Mechanicals made so they are imposed
for printing, as compared to reader spreads.
Printing - Any process that transfers to paper or
another substrate an image from an original such as a film negative
or positive, electronic memory, stencil, die or plate.
Printing Plate - Surface carrying an image to be
printed. Quick printing uses paper or plastic plates; letterpress,
engraving and commercial lithography use metal plates; flexography
uses rubber or soft plastic plates. Gravure printing uses a cylinder.
The screen printing is also called a plate.
Printing Unit - Assembly of fountain, rollers and
cylinders that will print one ink color. Also called color station,
deck, ink station, printer, station and tower.
Process Camera - Camera used to photograph mechanicals
and other camera-ready copy. Also called copy, camera and graphic
arts camera. A small, simple process camera may be called a stat
Process Color (Inks) - The colors used for four-color
process printing: yellow, magenta, cyan and black.
Production Run - Press run intended to manufacture
products as specified, as compared to makeready.
Proof - Test sheet made to reveal errors or flaws,
predict results on press and record how a printing job is intended
to appear when finished.
Proofreader Marks - Standard symbols and abbreviations
used to mark up manuscripts and proofs. Also called correction marks.
Proportion Scale - Round device used to calculate
percent that an original image must by reduced or enlarged to yield
a specific reproduction size. Also called percentage wheel, proportion
dial, proportion wheel and scaling wheel.
Publishing Paper - Paper made in weights, colors
and surfaces suited to books, magazines, catalogs and free-standing