Galley Proof -
Proof of type from any Source, whether metal type or photo type.
Also called checker and slip proof.
(1) To halftone or separate more than one image in only one exposure.
(2) To reproduce two or more different printed products simultaneously
on one sheet of paper during one press run. Also called combination
Gate Fold -
A sheet that folds where both sides fold toward the gutter in overlapping
Signatures assembled next to each other in the proper sequence for
binding, as compared to nested. Also called stacked.
Ghost Halftone -
Normal halftone whose density has been reduced to produce a very
(1) Phenomenon of a faint image appearing on a printed sheet where
it was not intended to appear. Chemical ghosting refers to the transfer
of the faint image from the front of one sheet to the back of another
sheet. Mechanical ghosting refers to the faint image appearing as
a repeat of an image on the same side of the sheet. (2) Phenomenon
of printed image appearing too light because of ink starvation.
Mostly in the book arena, gold leafing the edges of a book.
Consider the light reflecting on various objects in the printing
industry (e.g., paper, ink, laminates, UV coating, varnish).
Gloss Ink -
Ink used and printed on coated stock (mostly litho and letterpress)
such as the ink will dry without penetration.
General term used to distinguish between or among printing papers,
but whose specific meaning depends on context. Grade can refer to
the category, class, rating, finish or brand of paper.
Graduated Screen Tint -
Screen tint that changes densities gradually and smoothly, not in
distinct steps. Also called degrade, gradient, ramped screen and
Grain Direction -
Predominant direction in which fibers in paper become aligned during
manufacturing. Also called machine direction.
Grain Long Paper -
Paper whose fibers run parallel to the long dimension of the sheet.
Also called long grain paper and narrow web paper.
Grain Short Paper -
Paper whose fibers run parallel to the short dimension of the sheet.
Also called short grain paper and wide web paper.
Basis weight of paper in grams per square meter (gsm).
Graphic Arts -
The crafts, industries and professions related to designing and printing
on paper and other substrates.
Graphic Arts Film -
Film whose emulsion yields high contrast images suitable for reproduction
by a printing press, as compared to continuous-tone film. Also called
litho film and repro film.
Graphic Design -
Arrangement of type and visual elements along with specifications
for paper, ink colors and printing processes that, when combined,
convey a visual message.
Visual elements that supplement type to make printed messages more
clear or interesting.
Method of printing using metal cylinders etched with millions of
tiny wells that hold ink.
Gray Balance -
Printed cyan, magenta and yellow halftone dots that accurately, reproduce
a neutral gray image.
Gray Component Replacement -
Technique of replacing gray tones in the yellow, cyan and magenta
films, made while color separating, with black ink. Abbreviated GCR.
Also called achromatic color removal.
Gray Levels -
Number of distinct gray tones that can be reproduced by a computer.
Gray Scale -
Strip of gray values ranging from white to black. Used by process
camera and scanner operators to calibrate exposure times for film
and plates. Also called step wedge.
Grind Edge -
Alternate term for binding edge when referring to perfect bound products.
Approximately 1/8 inch (3 mm) along the spine that is ground off
gathered signatures before perfect binding.
Gripper Edge -
Edge of a sheet held by grippers on a sheetfed press, thus going
first through the press. Also called feeding edge and leading edge.
Groundwood Paper -
Newsprint and other inexpensive paper made from pulp created when
wood chips are ground mechanically rather than refined chemically.
The unit of measurement for paper weight (grams per square meter).
In the book arena, the inside margins toward the back or the binding